I'ANSON international

"The Yorkshire Rural Emigration to Nova Scotia
on the Eve of the American Revolution"
extracted from John Thornton Dixon's PhD Dissertation, University of Leeds,1981
"Aspects of Yorkshire Emigration to North America1760-1880", Part 1.

Hull Haven - embarkation point

Between the end of the Seven Years War in 1763 and the outbreak of colonial hostilities in the following decade, emigration from rural Yorkshire was of major importance.  The greatest area of attraction was Nova Scotia owing to a number of "push" and "pull" factors:  at home, certain landlords were greatly increasing rents with a subsequent proportional rise in tax liability; agents from Nova Scotia were busy in the North and East Ridings promoting Nova Scotia. Especially active in this propaganda was Michael Francklin (one time Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia) and his agents who arrived in Yorkshire in 1772, offering 500-acre grants of freehold land, free passage and no taxes during the first years (not exactly true, but nevertheless, the proposition was highly attractive in light of the uncertainty and rent increases).  Many accepted the offer, sailing from Liverpool.

By 1774 many ship owners on the Yorkshire coast saw the potential of carrying emigrants to the New World, and returning with a cargo of Canadian lumber.  Subsequently, between 1774 and 1776, until the War of Independence broke out, eleven ships set sail and carried an estimated 1,000 Yorkshire emigrants to Nova Scotia.  They sailed from Whitby, Scarborough and, most importantly (as a precedent for emigration the following century) from Hull.

Some returned home dissatisfied, some moved on to other areas (like Miles I'Anson and his family who moved to New Jersey) but the majority stayed and settled in Nova Scotia.  Nova Scotia celebrated this great Yorkshire immigration in Yorkshire 2000.

 For further information on the Yorkshire Emigration see: 

Why did Miles I'Anson and his family then leave Nova Scotia and end up in New Jersey, at a time of turmoil (the American Revolution)?

One possibility is that Miles was involved in the Eddy Rebellion (The rebels were convinced they could get George Washington to invade Nova Scotia and make it the 14th state)

Contents/Site Map